The Heads of State and Government of France and the United Kingdom
are agreed that:
The European Union needs to be in a position to play its full role on the
international stage. This means making a reality of the Treaty of Amsterdam,
which will provide the essential basis for action by the Union. It will
be important to achieve full and rapid implementation of the Amsterdam
provisions on CFSP. This includes the responsibility of the
European Council to decide on the progressive framing of a common defence
policy in the framework of CFSP. The Council must be able to take decisions
on an intergovernmental basis, covering the whole range of activity set
out in Title V of the Treaty of European Union.
To this end, the Union must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed
up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them and a readiness
to do so, in order to respond to international crises.
In pursuing our objective, the collective defence commitments to which
member states subscribe (set out in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty,
Article V of the Brussels Treaty) must be maintained. In strengthening
the solidarity between the member states of the European Union, in
order that Europe can make its voice heard in world affairs, while acting
in conformity with our respective obligations in NATO, we are
contributing to the vitality of a modernised Atlantic Alliance which
is the foundation of the collective defence of its members.
Europeans will operate within the institutional framework of the
European Union (European Council, General Affairs Council and meetings
of Defence Ministers).
The reinforcement of European solidarity must take into account the
various positions of European states.
The different situations of countries in relation to NATO must be respected.
In order for the European Union to take decisions and approve military
action where the Alliance as a whole is not engaged, the Union must be
given appropriate structures and a capacity for analysis of situations,
sources of intelligence and a capability for relevant strategic planning,
without unnecessary duplication, taking account of the existing assets
of the WEU and the evolution of its relations with the EU. In this regard,
the European Union will also need to have recourse to suitable military
means (European capabilities pre-designated within NATO's European pillar
or national or multinational European means outside the NATO framework).
Europe needs strengthened armed forces that can react rapidly to the new
risks, and which are supported by a strong and competitive European defence
industry and technology.
We are determined to unite in our efforts to enable the European Union
to give concrete expression to these objectives.